This video is in remembrance of the Fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453. It is remembered with great sorrow. The other purpose of this video is to showcase the touching hymn of Guillaume Du-fay, the Lamentatio sanctae matris ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae, which is the Lament of the Holy Mother Church of Constantinople. It is modified from a part of the Book of Lamentations on the fall of Jerusalem. I included several images with the music. The song’s lyrics and translation are below:
O tres piteulx de tout espoir fontaine,
Pere du filz dont suis mere esplorée,
Plaindre me viens a ta court souveraine,
De ta puissance et de nature humaine,
Qui ont souffert telle durté villaine
Faire à mon filz, qui tant m’a hounourée.
Dont suis de bien et de joye separée,
Sans qui vivant veule entendre mes plaints.
A toy, seul Dieu, du forfait me complains,
Du gref tourment et douloureulx oultrage,
Que voy souffrir au plus bel des humains.
Sans nul confort de tout humain lignage.
O most merciful fount of all hope,
Father of the son whose weeping mother I am:
I come to complain before your sovereign court,
about your power and about human nature,
which have allowed such grievous harm
to be done to my son, who has honored me so much.
For that I am bereft of all good and joy,
without anyone alive to hear my laments.
To you, the only God, I submit my complaints,
about the grievous torment and sorrowful outrage,
which I see the most beautiful of men suffer
without any comfort for the whole human race.
This anonymous medieval tune plays in the background as an assortment of tapestry’s, paintings and mosaics scroll through. These images range from the fourth to fourteenth century’s.
A classic Marian Hymn, is the ‘Hail star of the sea’. This recording is well sung. The first background painting is by Pompeo Batoni, and the latter two are by Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato. The Latin lyrics with English translation follow:
Ave, maris stella, Dei mater alma, atque semper virgo, felix cœli porta.
Sumens illud Ave Gabrielis ore, funda nos in pace, mutans Evæ nomen.
Solve vincla reis, profer lumen cæcis, mala nostra pelle, bona cuncta posce.
Monstra te esse matrem, sumat per te precem qui pro nobis natus tulit esse tuus. Virgo singularis, inter omnes mitis, nos culpis solutes mites fac et castos.
Vitam præsta puram, iter para tutum, ut videntes Jesum semper collætemur.
Sit laus Deo Patri, summo Christo decus, Spiritui Sancto honor, tribus unus. Amen.
Hail, star of the sea, nurturing Mother of God, and ever Virgin happy gate of Heaven. Receiving that “Ave” from the mouth of Gabriel, establish us in peace, transforming the name of “Eva”.
Loosen the chains of the guilty, send forth light to the blind, our evil do thou dispel, entreat (for us) all good things.
Show thyself to be a Mother: through thee may he receive prayer, who, being born for us, undertook to be thine own.
O unique Virgin, meek above all others, make us, set free from (our) sins, meek and chaste.
Bestow a pure life, prepare a safe way: that seeing Jesus, we may ever rejoice.
Praise be to God the Father, to the Most High Christ glory, to the Holy Spirit honour, to the Three equally. Amen.
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